Paleogeographic reconstructions of the New Zealand landmass and offshore sedimentary basins from the Cretaceous to current day are illustrated in a series of eight maps (after King et al. 1999, King 2000). Though the paleogeographic mannequin confirms the traditional view that India turned progressively more isolated from the most important landmasses during the Cretaceous and Paleocene, it’s probably that at various occasions minor physiographic options (principally ocean islands) supplied causeways and/or stepping-stone trails alongside which land animals could have migrated to/from the sub-continent.
Transferring 2ND stratigraphic information (stratigraphic columns to 3D paleogeographic maps, linking and visualizing movement of environments by time, developing and scaling maps, identifying and distilling graphical information for interpretations, and interpolating between restricted information points using sound geologic knowledge.
This is how North America appears in the present day. Though there isn’t any way of realizing what the far-future geography of Earth will be, one principle is that the Atlantic and Indian Oceans will proceed to widen. Paleogeography yields info that’s essential to scientific understanding in a variety of contexts.
Later, scientists began to retrieve and identify fossils of all sizes. Along with paleobotany and paleoclimatology, paleoecology offers data on environmental change, the past distribution of organisms, and their evolution and, in some instances, extinction.
Prerequisite data of deciphering basic stratigraphic columns (symbols, scales, and many others), fundamental delta and fluvial processes, facies, and dynamics (offered in lecture portion of class), and fundamental formation of basic sedimentary buildings. SJR makes use of an analogous algorithm because the Google page rank; it provides a quantitative and a qualitative measure of the journal’s impact.